Medical News Today: What are the nutritional benefits of peanuts?

Peanuts have a strong nutritional profile. They are an excellent source of plant-based protein, fiber, and many key vitamins and minerals.

Peanuts come in many forms, including roasted, salted, chocolate-coated, and as peanut butter. Different types have different nutritional profiles and various health benefits.

Along with their healthful nutritional profile, peanuts are a calorie-rich food, so they are most healthful when enjoyed in moderation.

In this article, we provide the nutritional profile of peanuts, their health benefits, and how different types compare.

Nutritional breakdown

Peanuts in a bowl on wooden table top down view.
Peanuts are most healthful when they are in their raw form.

Peanuts are an especially good source of healthful fats, protein, and fiber. They also contain plenty of potassium, phosphorous, magnesium, and B vitamins. Despite being high in calories, peanuts are nutrient-rich and low in carbohydrates.

According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 100 grams of raw peanuts contain 567 calories and the following nutrients in grams (g), milligrams (mg), or micrograms (mcg):

macronutrients protein
carbohydrate
fiber
sugars
25.8 g
16.13 g
8.5 g
4.72 g
fats monounsaturated fats
polyunsaturated fats
saturated fats
24.43 g
15.56 g
6.28 g
minerals potassium
phosphorous
magnesium
calcium
sodium
iron
zinc
705 mg
376 mg
168 mg
92 mg
18 mg
4.58 mg
3.27 mg
vitamins vitamin B-3 (niacin)
vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)
vitamin B-1 (thiamine)
vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine)
riboflavin (vitamin B-2)
folate (vitamin B-9)
12.07 mg
8.33 mg
0.64 mg
0.35 mg
0.14 mg
240 mcg

The mixture of healthful fats, protein, and fiber in peanuts means they provide nutritional benefits and make a person feel fuller for longer. This makes peanuts a healthful, go-to snack when people compare them with chips, crackers, and other simple carbohydrate foods.

Below, we discuss the benefits of key nutrients in peanuts.

1. Protein

Peanuts are an excellent source of plant-based protein, offering 25.8 g per 100 g of peanuts, or around half of a person’s daily protein needs.

The recommended daily allowance (RDA) for protein in adults is:

  • 46 g for women
  • 56 g for men

Protein is essential for building and repairing body cells. The amount of protein a person needs varies, depending on their age and activity level.

2. Healthful fats

Peanut butter on toast with fruit for breakfast
Peanuts contain healthful fats that are an essential part of a nutritious diet.

Fatty acids are an essential part of every diet. Most of the fats in peanuts are monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, which are a healthful type of fat.

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), consuming monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats instead of saturated and trans fats can improve a person’s blood cholesterol levels. This, in turn, lowers the risk of heart disease and stroke.

There is also a small amount of saturated fat in peanuts. Saturated fat is less healthful than unsaturated or polyunsaturated. Doctors link too much saturated fat with cardiovascular disease. As a consequence, it is best to eat peanuts in moderation to get their optimal health benefits.

3. Dietary fiber

Peanuts are a good source of dietary fiber. They contain 8.5 g per 100 g, which around one-quarter of a male’s recommended fiber intake or one-third for females.

The current Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that adults get the following amounts of fiber per day:

  • 34 g for men
  • 28 g for women

Fiber is a heart-healthful nutrient. The AHA report that eating fiber-rich foods improves blood cholesterol levels and lowers the risk of heart disease, stroke, obesity, and type 2 diabetes.

Which types of peanuts are most healthful?

Raw peanuts are the most healthful variety. Peanut butter is a great choice, offering a healthy nutritional profile and a range of health benefits. Learn about the health benefits of peanut butter.

People can also buy roasted, salted peanuts. Eating these types is okay in moderation, though consuming too much sodium is linked with high blood pressure and heart disease.

The AHA recommend an ideal limit of 1,500 mg of sodium per day, and no more than 2,300 mg of sodium — equivalent to 1 teaspoon of salt — especially for people with high blood pressure.

Where possible, choose raw peanuts with the skin attached. Peanut skins contain antioxidants. Antioxidants help protect the body’s cells from damage from free radicals. Producers usually remove the skins from most roasted or salted peanut.

People can enjoy peanuts and peanut butter in moderation as a snack throughout the day. In main meals, peanuts make a great addition to salads or Thai dishes.

Health benefits of peanuts

Woman at desk at work snacking and eating on peanut
Eating peanuts may help with managing blood sugar levels.

Eating peanuts has three main health benefits:

  • supporting heart health
  • maintaining a healthy weight
  • managing blood sugar

The following sections discuss these benefits and the science behind them.

1. Supporting heart health

Peanuts contain more healthful monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats than they do saturated fats. This fat ratio makes peanuts better for the heart than fat sources with a higher proportion of saturated fats.

A 2014 study found that eating 46 g of peanuts or peanut butter each day may improve heart health for people with diabetes.

2. Maintaining a healthy weight

Because peanuts are full of healthful fats, protein, and fiber, they make a satisfying snack. Eating them in moderation may help a person maintain a healthy weight.

Research found that women who ate nuts, including peanuts, twice a week had a slightly lower risk of weight gain and obesity over 8 years than those who rarely ate nuts.

A large-scale study found that eating peanuts and other nuts may reduce a person’s risk of obesity over 5 years.

3. Managing blood sugar levels

Peanuts are an excellent food for people with diabetes or a risk of diabetes. Peanuts have a low glycemic index (GI), meaning they do not cause big spikes in blood sugar levels.

Nutritionists see foods with a GI of 55 or lower as low-GI foods, and those with a GI of more than 70 are high-GI foods. Peanuts have a GI score of 23, making them a low-GI food. Learn more about the GI scale here.

Peanuts help control blood sugar levels because they are relatively low in carbohydrates but high in protein, fat, and fiber. Fiber slows down the digestive processes, allowing a steadier release of energy, and protein takes longer to break down than simple carbohydrates.

Research suggests that eating peanut butter or peanuts may help women with obesity and a higher type 2 diabetes risk to manage their blood sugar levels.

Risks and considerations

Peanuts contain proteins called arachin and conarachin. Some people are severely allergic to these proteins. For these people, peanuts can cause a life-threatening allergic reaction.

Because peanuts are high in calories, it is sensible to eat them in moderation as part of a balanced diet. Consuming too many calories may lead to weight gain. This is true regardless of whether the foods those calories come from are nutritious or not.

Roasted, salted peanuts may be less healthful than raw peanuts due to their high sodium content. That said, if people consume them in moderation, they can enjoy them as a part of a healthful, balanced diet.

Summary

Peanuts are a nutrient-rich source of protein, dietary fiber, and healthful fats. Eating them in moderation, as part of a balanced diet, may:

  • support heart health
  • help a person maintain a healthy weight
  • help a person manage their blood sugar levels

Peanuts are a good option for people with diabetes for these reasons. They are also a good snack option for those looking to reduce carbohydrates and increase healthful fat intake.

For their optimal health benefits, choose raw peanuts with the skin on. Raw peanuts with their skin on are high in cell-defending antioxidants.

Roasted, salted peanuts are high in sodium, which health professionals link to heart disease. That said, eating roasted, salted peanuts as part of a balanced diet is okay.

As with most foods, the key to enjoying peanuts is eating them in moderation as part of a healthful, calorie-controlled diet.

Amazon PPC: Types of Ads

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Amazon PPC

Tempted to try Amazon ads to promote your product? You’d better start budgeting for your Amazon campaigns, then. But what exactly are they? Let’s take a look at all the ways you can make your items stand out with Amazon PPC.

When goto.com came up with Pay-per-click advertising (PPC) in 1997, it launched the world’s most successful online advertising model. And here we are, two decades later, applying this model to reap the benefits of selling on Amazon. But what’s so special about Amazon PPC?

Amazon users are “buyers”, not window shoppers. They come to Amazon to search for specific products. Amazon will display certain items based on their search terms, and these unbiased recommendations are called “organic results”. But there is such a thing as a “paid result” too.

Amazon offers both paid and free advertising solutions. ‘Stores’ is an example of the latter, but it’s only available to registered brand owners. As for paid ads, these are the product of several other Amazon advertising solutions:

  • Sponsored Brands
  • Sponsored Products
  • Display Ads (formerly “headline search ads” and “product display ads”)
  • Video Ads
  • Custom Ads
Organic vs Paid

Paid vs. organic search results on Amazon

It’s important to know the difference between PPC and PPM. PPM or pay-per-impression advertising is where you pay for the impressions you get, not the clicks. Display Ads, Video Ads, and Custom Ads are examples of PPM tools on Amazon, where you’re charged for every 1,000 impressions.

So, in the list above, only the first two are examples of Amazon PPC. Sponsored Brands are only available to merchants who have signed up for Brand Registry, such as vendors, Launchpad and Handmade users, and private label sellers. By contrast, Sponsored Products are ads set up mostly by third-party sellers without a registered brand. That’s because when you have competitors (ie you’re not a private label seller), your ad will only run if you have the Buy Box.

Both types of Sponsored Ads are shown in the screen grab above. Notice the word Advertisement underlined in red on the Sponsored Brands banner. Also notice the word Sponsored in small print on the Sponsored Products ads. Unlike the banner, a Sponsored Products ad mingles with organic results and blends in with listings in the center of the screen. So, it’s great value for money.

After incentivized reviews were banned, paid ads became the best way to market your product on Amazon. But PPM solutions like Display Ads call for a minimum spend of $35,000. By contrast, your Amazon PPC budget can be whatever you can afford.

So, most merchants choose between Sponsored Brands and Products. Also, vendors can no longer promote items that “Can’t Realize a Profit” (‘‘CRaP’’), so there’s bound to be a drop in Sponsored Brands soon. It’s safe to assume Sponsored Products ads will pick up the slack.

But if you’re not entirely sure you should invest in Sponsored Products, here’s a tutorial on Amazon PPC from Urban Cowgirl founder Cherie Yvette. Pay close attention to her pie chart at timestamp 15:20, where she compares sales from various sources and tells you what to bid on:

As we mentioned in our post on Sponsored Products, there are a few basic requirements for anyone who wants to set up an Amazon campaign. And the ad placement tips we offered in this post still apply. You’ll need:

  • profitable products with good click-through rate;
  • a good daily budget for your Amazon ads;
  • good keywords with little competition;
  • the highest bids.

There’s no shortage of tutorials on setting up Amazon campaigns. When you do, you can opt for automatic or manual targeting. The latter option enables you to set your own keywords and bids. Here’s a Sellics tutorial that shows you how to find the best keywords for your product with free tools like Sonar.

This Jungle Scout video explains the link between ACoS and break-even point. It also shows you how to use the Sponsored Products Search term report from an automatic campaign. You can use data gathered by Amazon to check customer search terms and fine-tune your keyword selection.

Now that we’ve discussed paid results, please follow our blog for more about Amazon campaigns. In Part 2 of our Amazon Ads series, we’ll talk about promotions, campaigns, and tools that can enhance and promote your product page on Amazon.

Melanie

Melanie takes an active interest in all things Amazon. She keeps an eye on the latest developments and keeps Amazon sellers up to speed.

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