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Medical News Today: Physical fitness may help prevent depression, anxiety

Although there is evidence that exercise can boost mental health, scientists know less about whether physical fitness can prevent the onset of mental health conditions. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis take a closer look. Can physical fitness protect against mental health conditions? Common mental health problems, such as depression and anxiety, are a growing global issue. They reduce overall wellbeing and life satisfaction, but they may also increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and increase mortality risk. Although talking therapies and medication can help in many instances, they do…

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Medical News Today: How ketamine can change the brain to fight depression

New research in mice, which the National Institutes of Health supported, shows how ketamine can alter brain circuits, quickly redressing depression-like symptoms. Ketamine stimulates the regrowth of dendritic spines in the prefrontal cortex, according to a new animal study. Previous studies have shown that ketamine — an anesthetic — can rapidly reduce severe symptoms of major depressive disorder, particularly the occurrence of suicidal thoughts. However, researchers are still unsure how this substance acts in the brain to fight off depression or how to maintain its therapeutic effects in the long…

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Medical News Today: Can blocking a single protein tackle depression, obesity, and pain?

Depression, obesity, and chronic pain are some of the most pressing global health concerns. New research may have found a drug that could one day tackle all of these three conditions. Scientists may have identified a protein inhibitor that could tackle three conditions at once. Almost 40 percent of adults in the United States were living with obesity in 2015–2016. Worldwide, nearly 40 percent of adults are overweight, and 13 percent of them have obesity. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depression is the leading cause of disability across…

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Medical News Today: Can these new compounds treat memory loss in depression?

Memory loss does not only occur in neurodegenerative diseases, such as dementia. It also happens with age, or in relation to mental health problems, such as depression. Now, researchers have developed new compounds that could reverse this cognitive effect. Newly developed compounds may offer fresh hope for depression-related memory loss. Memory loss is not solely a bedfellow of dementia. It can also be a natural part of the aging process, however unwelcome. Memory problems also occur in people experiencing emotional distress, particularly individuals facing conditions that may include depression. For…

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The Adolescent Brain - Substance Use, Depression, and Recovery | Ann Arbor District Library
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The Adolescent Brain – Substance Use, Depression, and Recovery | Ann Arbor District Library

Important features of brain development exist during the adolescent period, and this developmental phase matters when we talk about adolescent depression and substance use. Understanding these developmentally specific features of depression and substance use helps with parental monitoring, understanding, responding…

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